The Constitution of India is the fundamental law that governs the country’s government.
It not only defines the organs of the State and their functions but also serves as a vehicle for the nation’s progress.
The idea of a Constituent Assembly in India can be traced back to the pronouncements of nationalist leaders and resolutions of the Indian National Congress.
The demand for a Constituent Assembly was officially made by the Indian National Congress in 1934.
Sir Stafford Cripps, representing the British Government during World War II, accepted the notion that an elected body of Indians should be responsible for framing the Indian Constitution.
In accordance with the Cabinet Mission Plan, the members of the Constituent Assembly were elected in July 1946.
The Constituent Assembly consisted of eight major committees: Rules, Steering, Advisory, Drafting, Union Subjects, Union Constitution, Provincial Constitution, and States.
Prominent members of the Assembly included Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, Rajendra Prasad, Abul Kalam Azad, and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee, played a pivotal role in incorporating provisions such as Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, and affirmative state action into the Constitution.
The aim was to establish a new social order in independent India that upheld human dignity and development for all, without discrimination.
The original Indian Constitution comprised 22 parts and 395 articles.
Later, three parts were added as amendments: 9A (Municipalities), 9B (Co-operative Societies), and 14A (Tribunals).
Additional articles have been added through amendments, resulting in a current total count of approximately 444 articles.
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