Integers | Speed Notes
Notes For Quick Recap
We haveseen that there are times whenwe need touse numbers witha negative sign. This is when we want to go below zero on the number line. These are called negative numbers. Some examples of their use can be in temperature scale, water level in lake or river, level of oil in tank etc. (Scroll down to continue …)
Audio, Visual & Digital Content
They are also used to denote debit account or outstanding dues. The collection of numbers…, – 4, – 3, – 2, – 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, … is called integers. So, – 1,– 2, – 3, – 4, … called negative numbers are negative integers and 1, 2, 3, 4, … called positive numbers are the positive integers. We havealso seen howone more thangiven number givesa successor andone less than given number gives predecessor. We observe that (a) When we havethe same sign,add and putthe same sign. (i) When two positive integers are added, we get a positive integer [e.g.. (+3) + (+2) = + 5]. (ii) When two negative integers are added, we get a negative integer [e.g.. (–2) +(–1)= – 3]. (b) When one positive and one negative integers are added we subtract them as whole numbers by considering thenumbers without their sign and thenput the signof the bigger number with the subtraction obtained. The bigger integer is decided by ignoring thesigns of theintegers [e.g.. (+4)+ (–3) =+ 1 and(–4) + (+3)= – 1]. (c) The subtraction ofan integer isthe same asthe addition ofits additive inverse. We have shownhow addition andsubtraction of integers can also beshown on a number line.