## Pre-Requisires

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**Surface Areas and Volumes | Speed Notes**

**Notes For Quick Recap**

**Plane figure**

The figures which we can be drawn on a flat surface or that lie on a plane are called **Plane Figure**.

Example – Circle, Square, Rectangle etc.

**Solid figures**

The 3D shapes which occupy some space are called Solid Figures.

Example – Cube, Cuboid, Sphere etc. **(Scroll down to continue …)**

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**Volume**

Space occupied by any solid shape is the capacity or volume of that figure. The unit of volume is a cubic unit.

**Surface Area**

The area of all the faces of the solid shape is its total surface area. The unit of surface area is a square unit.

**Lateral or Curved Surface Area**

The surface area of the solid shape after leaving the top and bottom face of the figure is called the lateral surface of the shape. The unit of lateral surface area is a square unit.

**Surface Area and Volume of a Cube**

**Cube is a solid shape having 6 equal square faces.**

Lateral surface area of a cube | 4s^{2} |

Total surface area of a cube | 6s^{2} |

The volume of a cube | s^{3} |

Diagonal | √3 s, s = edge of the cube = side length of face of cube |

**Surface Area and Volume of a Cube**

**Example**

What is the capacity of a cubical vessel having each side of 8 cm?

**Solution**

Given side = 8 cm So, Volume of the cubical vessel = l^{3} = (8)^{3} = 256 cm^{3}.

**Surface Area and volume of a Cuboid**

**Cuboid is a solid shape having 6 rectangular faces at a right angle.**

Lateral surface area of a cuboid | 2h(l + b) |

Total surface area of a cuboid | 2(lb + bh + lh) |

Volume of a cuboid | lbh |

Diagonal | l = length, b = breadth, h = height |

**Surface Area and volume of a Cuboid**

**Example**

What is the surface area of a cereal box whose length, breadth and height is 20 cm, 8 cm and 30 cm respectively?

**Solution**

Given, length = 20 cm, breadth = 8 cm, Height = 30 cm

Total surface area of the cereal box = 2(lb + bh + lh)

= 2(20 × 8 + 8 × 30 + 20 × 30)

= 2(160 + 240 + 600)

= 2(1000) = 2000 cm^{2}.

**Surface Area and Volume of a Right Circular Cylinder**

If we fold a rectangular sheet with one side as its axis then it forms a cylinder. It is the curved surface of the cylinder. And if this curved surface is covered by two parallel circular bases then it forms a right circular cylinder.

Curved surface area of a Right circular cylinder | 2πrh |

Total surface area of a Right circular cylinder | 2πr^{2} + 2πrh = 2πr(r + h) |

The volume of a Right circular cylinder | πr^{2}h |

| r = radius, h = height |

**Surface Area and Volume of a Right Circular Cylinder**

**Surface Area and Volume of a Hollow Right Circular Cylinder**

**If a right circular cylinder is hollow from inside then it has different curved surface and volume.**

Curved surface area of a Right circular cylinder | 2πh (R + r) |

Total surface area of a Right circular cylinder | 2πh (R + r) + 2π(R^{2} – r^{2}) |

| R = outer radius, r = inner radius, h = height |

**Surface Area and Volume of a Hollow Right Circular Cylinder**

**Example**

**Find the Total surface area of a hollow cylinder whose length is 22 cm and the external radius is 7 cm with 1 cm thickness. (π = 22/7)**

**Solution**

**Given, h = 22 cm, R = 7 cm, r = 6 cm (thickness of the wall is 1 cm).**

Total surface area of a hollow cylinder = 2πh(R + r) + 2π(R^{2 }– r^{2})

= 2(π) (22) (7+6) + 2(π)(7^{2 }– 6^{2})

= 572 π + 26 π = 598 π

= 1878.67 cm^{2}

**Surface Area and Volume of a Right Circular Cone**

**If we revolve a right-angled triangle about one of its sides by taking other as its axis then the solid shape formed is known as a Right Circular Cone.**

Curved surface area of a Right Circular Cone | πrl = πr[√(h2 + r2)] |

Total surface area of a Right Circular Cone | πr^{2 }+ πrl = πr(r + l) |

The volume of Right Circular Cone | (1/3) πr^{2}h |

| r = radius, h = height, l = slant height |

**Surface Area and Volume of a Right Circular Cone**

**Surface Area and Volume of a Sphere**

**A sphere is a solid shape which is completely round like a ball. It has the same curved and total surface area.**

Curved or Lateral surface area of a Sphere | 4πr^{2} |

Total surface area of a Sphere | 4πr^{2} |

Volume of a Sphere | (4/3) πr^{3} |

| R = radius |

**Surface Area and Volume of a Sphere**

**Surface Area and Volume of a Hemisphere**

**If we cut the sphere in two parts then is said to be a hemisphere.**

Curved or Lateral surface area of a Sphere | 2πr^{2} |

Total surface area of a Sphere | 3πr^{2} |

Volume of a Sphere | (2/3) πr^{3} |

| r = radius |

**Surface Area and Volume of a Hemisphere**

**Example**

**If we have a metal piece of cone shape with volume 523.33 cm**^{3}** and we mould it in a sphere then what will be the surface area of that sphere?**

**Solution**

**Given, volume of cone = 523.33 cm**^{3}

**Volume of cone = Volume of Sphere**

**Volume of sphere = 100 π cm**^{3}

**125 = r**^{3}

**r = 5**

**Surface area of a sphere = 4πr**^{2}

**= 314.28 cm**^{2}**.**

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